NCUA proposes changes to derivatives rules
Managing Partner, Board Member
Global Head of Financial Institutions
Kennett Square, PA
SummaryThe NCUA Board approved a proposed rule to modernize and simplify the agency’s derivatives rules. The proposed changes would make it easier for federal credit unions to use common hedging tools to manage their interest rate risk especially during these times of disruption and uncertainty.
The National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) Board recently met and unanimously approved a proposed rule to modernize the agency’s existing derivatives rules and take a more principles-based approach. The proposed changes would allow more flexibility for federal credit unions (FCUs) to manage their interest rate risk through hedging instruments.
NCUA Chairman Rodney E. Hood said, “Managing balance sheet risks through a time of disruption and uncertainty underscores how important it is for credit unions to have tools, like financial derivatives, at their disposal to help guard against volatile economic periods that can hurt liquidity, earnings and capital.”
The proposed changes to the derivatives rules include:
- Eliminating the pre-approval process for FCUs that are “complex” with a Management CAMEL component rating of 1 or 2;
- Eliminating the specific product permissibility; and
- Eliminating the regulatory limits on the amount of derivatives usage
The pre-approval or application process for derivatives authority would be removed for any FCU that is “complex” and has a Management CAMEL component rating of 1 or 2. The term “complex” refers to any federally insured credit union having assets greater than $500 million. For those FCUs not meeting this requirement, they would need to complete an application. However, they no longer need to obtain interim approval which would reduce the overall process from up to 120 days to less than 60 days.
The parameters for permissible instruments have been broadened in accordance with the new principles-based methodology. Specifically, the Board is proposing derivatives must have all of the following characteristics: denominated in U.S. dollars, based on domestic interest rates (or dollar-denominated LIBOR), contract maturity of 15 years or less, and may not be used to create Structured Liability Offerings. Additionally, the proposal removes the limitation of a forward-start date beyond 90 days as well as the limitation on floating notional amounts.
Lastly, the proposal removes certain requirements related to the measurement and reporting of position limits, specifically the fair value loss limit and weighted average remaining maturity notional (WARMN) limit. The Board believes removing the burden of measuring and reporting these limits outweighs the potential benefits. However, the NCUA will still review derivative exposures when conducting exams and could determine excess exposures to be a safety and soundness concern.
The proposed rule retains the experience and competency requirements for the Board and senior executive team at each FCU, although the annual training requirement for the Board was removed. Similarly, the current rules regarding transaction review and internal controls remain largely in place, except a change that allows for internal control reviews only in the first year. These changes would alleviate some of the operational burdens of managing an interest rate hedging program.
FCUs will still be required to work with a registered swap dealer domiciled in the U.S. or a clearing house/organization as counterparty for any derivative transaction. A major swap participant does not meet that requirement. Additionally, FCUs may continue to use external service providers (ESP) like Chatham to support many aspects of their derivatives program. ESPs may not act as a counterparty, principal, or agent in any derivative transactions involving the FCU.
The NCUA Board believes these proposed changes to the derivatives rule are consistent with a more principles-based approach to managing interest rate risk while maintaining safety and soundness. The additional flexibility and ease of use should be well received by many FCUs currently utilizing derivatives as well as those considering these hedging tools. Comments on the proposed derivatives rule are due 60 days after publication in the Federal Register.
Founded in 1991, Chatham Financial is the world’s largest independent derivatives advisory firm, executing over $750 billion in transaction volume annually and helping clients across industries maximize their value in the capital markets. Chatham partners with credit unions throughout the U.S. to support their interest rate hedging activities. As an external service provider, we are equipped to deliver training, trade structuring, pricing execution, hedge accounting, and regulatory advisory support among other services. Having an independent and transparent approach allows us to bring a partnership mentality to every client engagement.
Contact us to learn more about how these changes impact your credit union.
Chatham Hedging Advisors, LLC (CHA) is a subsidiary of Chatham Financial Corp. and provides hedge advisory, accounting and execution services related to swap transactions in the United States. CHA is registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) as a commodity trading advisor and is a member of the National Futures Association (NFA); however, neither the CFTC nor the NFA have passed upon the merits of participating in any advisory services offered by CHA. For further information, please visit chathamfinancial.com/legal-notices.
Transactions in over-the-counter derivatives (or “swaps”) have significant risks, including, but not limited to, substantial risk of loss. You should consult your own business, legal, tax and accounting advisers with respect to proposed swap transaction and you should refrain from entering into any swap transaction unless you have fully understood the terms and risks of the transaction, including the extent of your potential risk of loss. This material has been prepared by a sales or trading employee or agent of Chatham Hedging Advisors and could be deemed a solicitation for entering into a derivatives transaction. This material is not a research report prepared by Chatham Hedging Advisors. If you are not an experienced user of the derivatives markets, capable of making independent trading decisions, then you should not rely solely on this communication in making trading decisions. All rights reserved.20-0425
Our featured insights
CPI indicates persistent but slowing inflation
Risk-off activity continued last week as Treasury yields, particularly at the long-end, and the major U.S. equity indices moved lower as investors digested the latest inflation readings and comments from Federal Reserve officials, including Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell.
Back-to-back interest rate swaps explained in 3 minutes
Banks use back-to-back swaps to meet borrower demand for long-term fixed-rate loans. With back-to-back swaps, the bank enters a floating-rate loan and a fixed-rate swap with the borrower and then a second, offsetting swap with a dealer counterparty.
FOMC raises target range 50 basis points
In another eventful week packed with a full economic calendar and a high-profile monetary policy meeting, the Treasury curve steepened significantly with the 10-year Treasury yield exceeding 3% for the first time since 2018 as investors grappled with the implications of higher rates for both the...
Q1 GDP contracts, Treasury curve flattens
Market turbulence continued last week with the Treasury curve flattening and the major U.S. equity indices notching the fourth consecutive week of declines as growth fears reignited on the back of weak first-quarter earnings for some of the largest U.S. corporations and a negative first-quarter...
Derivatives Market Update for Financial Institutions
We are excited to share market insights, best practices, and product enhancements from our advisory teams focused on community and regional financial institutions. Topics will include borrower swaps, balance sheet risk management, hedge accounting, and regulatory compliance, among others.
Powell sets stage for 50-basis-point hike
Interest rate volatility continued in earnest last week with the Treasury curve flattening as market participants reevaluated the timing and magnitude of expected FOMC rate hikes in the context of the latest comments from Federal Reserve officials and the week’s economic data.
March CPI sets four-decade high; Fed officials signal 50bps hike
In a holiday-shortened week, the Treasury curve continued to steepen as market participants digested March inflation readings, hawkish comments from Federal Reserve officials, and the latest developments out of Ukraine.
S&P Global talks with Ben Lewis and Chris Funck about why customer hedging programs may accelerate this year
In a conversation with S&P Global Market Intelligence, Ben Lewis and Chris Funck explained why back-to-back swaps, a type of hedging program that allows banks to offer commercial borrowers fixed-rate payments while simultaneously laying off the interest rate risk, could accelerate this year...