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Market Update

CPI release offers moderate relief

August 16, 2021
  • william smith headshot


    Bill Smith

    Associate Director
    Balance Sheet Risk Management

    Financial Institutions | Kennett Square, PA

Prior week summary

The Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500 extended their runs last week, setting record highs, and long-term Treasury yields declined modestly as market participants digested the latest inflation data and comments from Federal Reserve officials. The 10-year Treasury yield remained violatile last week with the 10-year yield rising as high as 1.38% intraday on Thursday before falling substantially on Friday to 1.29% on the back of a much weaker-than-expected consumer confidence survey release. Although Friday’s consumer confidence update soured investor sentiment at the end of the week, market participants largely focused on the latest inflation readings last week in the form of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the Producer Price Index (PPI). Consumer price increases appear to be slowing down from the blistering pace seen earlier this year. According to the Labor Department, the headline CPI figure increased 0.5% in July as the pace of price increases for many reopening-sensitive segments, particularly used automobiles, eased and the pace of shelter price increases accelerated due to an influx of vacationing Americans. While the latest headline release broke a four-month streak of expectation-beating prints, the yearly CPI figure remains substantially elevated at 5.4% for July, a level not seen in nearly 13 years if excluding this June’s identical increase. Wholesale prices, on the other hand, have yet to see substantial moderation from levels seen in the first half of 2021. Supply chain bottlenecks and elevated commodity prices featured in the July PPI release, which indicated that wholesale prices rose 1% month over month, well above the consensus estimate and matching the increase seen in June. Following the impressive July non-farm payroll release from the week prior, Federal Reserve officials weighed in on the tapering debate with many officials hinting at a reduction in the pace of the $120 billion per month asset purchase program by year-end. Speaking to the media on Tuesday, Chicago Federal Reserve President Charles Evans offered his thoughts on both the tapering timeline and composition saying, “I do expect that we are going to be at the point where we’ve seen substantial further progress later this year, probably later this year. I don’t think it’s going to be into next year,” and noting, “I think that when we ultimately decide to taper, if we were to do it in proportion to the way that we’ve been purchasing things — reducing them in line with those proportions — that would be fine.”

After weeks of negotiations and a marathon weekend filled with filibusters, the Senate passed the $1 trillion bipartisan infrastructure bill on Tuesday with a vote of 69–30. The bill calls for approximately $550 billion in new spending and aims to repair many of the nation’s roads and bridges, boost broadband access across the country, and improve public transit infrastructure, among many other objectives. While the bill has significant support in the House of Representatives, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi has indicated that the much larger $3.5 trillion reconciliation bill that focuses on many of President Biden’s top priorities must also reach her desk before she will hold a vote on the Senate infrastructure bill. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer praised the bill and foreshadowed the $3.5 trillion reconciliation bill to come shortly before the bill’s Senate passing saying, “Today the Senate takes a decades-overdue step to revitalize America's infrastructure and give our workers, our businesses, our economy the tools to succeed in the 21st century. Of course, we Democrats believe we need to do much more. We are moving on to a second track, which will make generational transformation.”

SOFR swap activity continues to pick up in the wake of the SOFR First initiative. In the second week of trading following the launch of the initiative, SOFR swap notional totaled $135.2 billion across 1,448 trades, both notching record highs and representing a significant pick-up from the levels seen the week prior.

The look forward

Market participants are gearing up for a busy week of economic data releases with updated figures on the Empire Manufacturing Index, retail sales, industrial production, building permits, housing starts, jobless claims, and the Philadelphia Fed Business Outlook Survey, among others, dotting the economic calendar. The minutes of the latest FOMC meeting are released on Wednesday.

Rates snapshot

Market implied policy path (Overnight indexed swap rates)

Source: Chatham Financial

About the author

  • Bill Smith

    Associate Director
    Balance Sheet Risk Management

    Financial Institutions | Kennett Square, PA


Chatham Hedging Advisors, LLC (CHA) is a subsidiary of Chatham Financial Corp. and provides hedge advisory, accounting and execution services related to swap transactions in the United States. CHA is registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) as a commodity trading advisor and is a member of the National Futures Association (NFA); however, neither the CFTC nor the NFA have passed upon the merits of participating in any advisory services offered by CHA. For further information, please visit

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