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Market Update

Continued recovery spurred on by key data

May 3, 2021
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    Sean Marcellus

    Accounting Advisory

    Corporates | Kennett Square, PA


Persistent Fed policy, optimistic economic data, and the ongoing recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic buoyed investors about the U.S. economic recovery. Worldwide recovery from the pandemic causes the U.S. dollar to weaken. Commodity prices hit multi-year highs as supply outweighs demand. President Biden’s mid-week speech lays the groundwork for an expansive infrastructure plan.

Interest Rates

Continued economic recovery and a stay-the-course mentality from the Fed were the dominant market themes this week. U.S. yields started higher than the previous week and continued their ascension through Friday. The FOMC met on Wednesday and said it would keep its benchmark short-term rate near zero, where it has remained since the pandemic started over a year ago. The goal is to help keep borrowing rates down for individuals and businesses to encourage spending. The Fed also said it would continue buying $120 billion in bonds each month to keep longer-term borrowing rates low. With no changes to policy, rate hikes, or any proposed tapering of bond purchases, the market viewed the Fed’s statement as optimistic about the future of the U.S. economy. Market reaction to the meeting was positive, with investors happy for both the continuance of the low-rate environment in the near term and the Fed’s corroboration of the view that the economy is recovering well.

Key economic data was also released this week. First quarter GDP results of 6.4% were slightly below expectations but still carried a positive view from the market. Jobless claims this week were at 553,000, which continues the steady decline in claims over the past few weeks. Employment cost index (ECI), Personal Income, and Consumer Spending metrics all outperformed their median forecasts.

The CDC came out with new guidelines regarding individuals who are fully vaccinated. Fully vaccinated individuals can now gather indoors with other fully vaccinated people without masks, conduct activities outdoors without wearing a mask, and travel within the United States without additional testing or quarantining. Regarding the increased number of Americans being vaccinated, Federal Reserve Chairman Powell stated, “That’s really what has been moving markets a lot in the past few months, this turn away from what was a pretty dark winter to now a much faster vaccination process and a faster reopening, so that’s part of what is going on.”

The rise in long-term rates, along with positive economic indicators and optimism around recovery, has many of corporate clients evaluating strategies previously tabled due to uncertainty. This includes pre-issuance hedging for future debt, refreshed interest expense analysis, and even exploration of fixed-to-floating hedges for those waiting for a steeper yield curve.

(Related insight: Watch the on-demand webinar, "Pre-issuance Hedging: Practitioners Share Insights on Why and How")

FX Rates

The U.S. dollar continued to weaken after a brief period of strengthening last week. Expectations of economic resurgence in other jurisdictions, such as the EU, that would follow the U.S., are driving some investment flow in those places. With the Fed keeping its policies unchanged and signaling that interest rates are unlikely to rise in the foreseeable future, as well as the European Central Bank leaving monetary policy settings unchanged in their meeting last week, the EUR-USD rate already surpassed its March high.

USD-CAD hit year-low marks this week. The broader outlook remains skewed downward as the Central Bank of Canada continues to taper its quantitative easing program.

(Related insight: Read "Strategies for managing FX volatility")


The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and its allies, a group known as OPEC+, stuck to its plans this week for a gradual easing of oil production curbs from May to July. Brent and U.S. West Texas Intermediate prices both rose for the fourth straight day, reaching a six-week high on Friday, signaling bullish forecasts of recovering demand are outweighing growing concerns about an increase in COVID-19 cases in countries like Brazil and India.

On the metals front, hot-rolled coil and busheling scrap futures inched higher during the week, as short-term supply constraints still weigh on the market, pushing prices higher for longer, as steel companies are expected to maintain current levels of U.S. steel production.

President Biden’s trillion dollar proposed infrastructure plan, known as the American Families Plan, could impact commodities used in construction, such as copper and steel.

(Related insight: Read "Using commodity collars to manage market volatility")

The Week Ahead

As more states fully reopen, the U.S. economy looks to continue the recovery from the pandemic. Key economic data including motor vehicle sales, construction spending, and factory orders will be released next week and give a glimpse into domestic production so far this year.

About the author

  • Sean Marcellus

    Accounting Advisory

    Corporates | Kennett Square, PA

    Sean is a member of the Accounting Advisory team, primarily serving corporate clients. Previously, Sean worked for five years in public accounting at Reinsel, Kuntz, Lesher LLP. He graduated from West Chester University with a BS in Accounting.


Chatham Hedging Advisors, LLC (CHA) is a subsidiary of Chatham Financial Corp. and provides hedge advisory, accounting and execution services related to swap transactions in the United States. CHA is registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) as a commodity trading advisor and is a member of the National Futures Association (NFA); however, neither the CFTC nor the NFA have passed upon the merits of participating in any advisory services offered by CHA. For further information, please visit

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